The geography of Italy effected its people by providing farmlands, water, and a place to form civilization. The hills provide great farmland, it is a great place for sheep, cattle, and even goats to graze. The flat lands provide space for crops to be grown. Believe it or not, the hills are a perfect defense against any intruder.
The rivers, like the Po River and Tiber River gave the people fertile land and drinking water.The rivers grant water for crops and animals too. If the houses were on fire, there would be water to stop it. If the person were at war, they could come up with a battle strategy with water!
Open ranges are good for building cities and towns. Also, mountains give good protection like hills. If land wasn’t far back, pirates would invade but in this case, they were safe.